Archbishop of Canterbury, Thomas Cranmer contributed a great deal to the reforms away from Catholicism with two versions of the Book of Common Prayer and the 42 Articles of 1553.
King Henry VIII of England (r. 1509-1547) had sought to divorce his wife, Catherine of Aragon (1485-1536). Because the Pope would not annul the marriage, Henry sought to make himself Head of the Church in England. This Parliamentary Act from 1534 gave legal sanction to Henry's assumption of those clerical powers.
The Act of Supremacy: (one long sentence)
The Apocrypha is respected but not viewed as Scripture.
View on God: The one Creator and Lord of all, existing eternally as the Trinity (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit)
View on Jesus: The eternal Son incarnate, fully God and fully man, conceived and born of the virgin Mary, died on the Cross for our sins, rose bodily from the grave, ascended into heaven, and will come again in glory to judge us all.
View on Salvation: Salvation is obtained by baptism (infant and converts/ trinity formula), believing in Christ, and keeping his commandments.
A. It is required that we renounce Satan, repent of our sins, and accept Jesus as our Lord and Savior.
A. Infants are baptized so that they can share citizenship in the Covenant, membership in Christ, and redemption by God.
A. Promises are made for them by their parents and sponsors, who guarantee that the infants will be brought up within the Church, to know Christ and be able to follow him.
The Church: The church is the body of Christ whose unity is based on the “apostolic succession” of bishops going back to the apostles, of whom the bishop of Rome is one of many. The Anglican communion is a part of the church, whose unity worldwide is represented by the archbishop of Canterbury. The church in the USA is known as the Episcopal Church.
Sacraments: Baptism as above, communion, confirmation, ordination, holy matrimony, reconciliation of a penitent (confession to a priest/and forgiveness by the priest), and unction ( anointing of the sick with oil). Christ’s body and blood are really present in Communion
Other Beliefs: Today the Church calls for the full civil equality of gay men and lesbians. Most dioceses ordain openly gay men and women; in some, same-sex unions are celebrated with services of blessing. In 2009, the Church's General Convention passed resolutions that allowed for gay and lesbian marriages in states where it is legal. Katharine Jefferts Schori (born March 26, 1954, in Pensacola, Florida) the 26th Presiding Bishop of the Episcopal Church of the United States, voted to consent to the election of Gene Robinson, an openly gay and partnered man, as Bishop of New Hampshire in 2003.
Please read through the power point presentations found in the links to the left.