Rev.1: 8. I am Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, saith the Lord, which is, and which was, and which is to come, the Almighty.---Jesus is the Alpha and Omega- the Almighty!
Daniel 11:33. And they that understand among the people shall instruct many: yet they shall fall by the sword, and by flame, by captivity, and by spoil, many days.
Editor's Note: When this story was first written in the late 1990's it
immediately hit a responsive chord, was published world-wide, and has been an
annual feature since.. It is now considered an Easter Classic
The world today
is in chaos. There are no restraints in human conduct. Absolute values have
long been abolished. Good is considered evil, and evil is considered good. And
never has The Cross been more offensive to society than it is today.
Any mention of the name Jesus Christ brings
contempt and ridicule. His name is blasphemed and many public displays of
Christianity have been declared illegal, while at the same time, pagan
religions are readily endorsed and encouraged.
Seeing all of
this, would Jesus have second thoughts about Calvary? How would He look back on
his sacrifice today? Think about it. Prayerfully pondering these questions,
this writer speculates what Jesus might say to us today as He looks back
to the Cross:
beloved, be not ignorant of this one thing, that one day is with the Lord as a
thousand years, and a thousand years as one day. Our time reference is much
different in Heaven than it is on earth. If you were to be with us in Heaven,
you would see an entire life spin out from birth to death in a matter of
why coming to earth to face Calvary’s Cross was the greatest challenge I have
had to face during my existence. First I had to come under the earth’s time
system of seconds, minutes, hours, weeks, months and years.
challenging was agreeing to inhabit an earthly human body with its inherited
sinful nature. A body that would feel the driftings and currents of the world
as well as the pain. And it may surprise you to learn that I had to exercise
extreme faith to go through with this.
I began my sacrificial life on earth as a baby… a new birth on earth. As a baby
I had to be fed, bathed, and diapered like any other baby. I had to learn to
take my first steps, learn to understand and speak words, and, experience the
growing pains of adolescence.
passes slowly for young people and soon there was such a feeling of distance
between where I was at that time, and my time in Heaven with my Father, that it
almost seemed a memory that may or may not have actually been.
instinctively I wanted to be about my Father’s business, the Jews in the
synagogues would curtly ask, Who is this boy who asks such questions? Isn’t
this Joseph the carpenter’s son?
eventually faced the appointed day… a day where I would take on all the sins of
mankind, a day where I would (in a human body) die a disgraceful,
excruciatingly painful death while the Roman soldiers ridiculed me and
religious leaders mocked in the distance. and yet, this was the only way that
mankind could be redeemed, saved by Grace, and reconciled to God. Without this
sacrifice, all would perish, which had been Satan’s plan since The Garden of
body was capable of the same temptations and stress as yours. This is why that
in the Garden of Gethsemane, knowing what I faced the next day, I sweated great
drops of blood. And yes, at one point (giving into the body I inhabited), I
cried out: ‘Abba, Father, all things are possible unto thee; take this cup from
me…nevertheless, not what I will, but what Thou wilt.
reality of what I faced was now before me. The unspeakable pain. Having to
endure all the sins of mankind in my body… having to be taken to hell and back,
to be ridiculed and to have one of my own disciples betray me… for money.
"I had to
call on every ounce of faith I possessed to go through with this. But I had no
choice. The world itself was at stake. And my love of mankind was such that I
would have none perish.
Father promised me, and, as explicitly detailed throughout the prophecies, the
entire event went exactly as foretold, ending in great victory. Lucifer suffered his greatest defeat as the keys
of death were snatched from his hands.
conquered, giving instead, to all who believe in Me, everlasting life with me
at the world today… a world filled with violence, chaos, sin, unspeakable
crimes against humanity… and even seeing those who call themselves My servants
cutting down each other and distorting my Word, one could well ask, Was it all
worth it? If you could go back, would you go through the crucifixion again?
would. I would go through the whole thing for any ONE of you here. That is how
much I love you.
join me in Heaven, you will understand why I would want to share this Paradise
with you. Heaven (you will see) is filled with exquisite peace and joy, and a
place where you will inhabit perfect heavenly bodies… bodies free from aches,
pains and disease.
thought, let me clarify something. There will be one imperfect body in Heaven.
And every time you see the nail holes in my hands and feet, and the scar in my
side, you will be constantly reminded of how much I love you. And let me add,
it was all worth it.
unto me, all ye that labor and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. Take
my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am meek and lowly in heart; and ye
shall find rest unto your souls. For my yoke is easy, and my burden is
Miles, a pastor and interdenominational chaplain is an award-winning writer and
author. He was a writer, researcher and technical consultant for the
multi-award winning TV series, Ancient Secrets of The Bible which originally
aired on CBS TV and has been in constant re-runs since.. Visit his website at: http://www.revaustinmiles.com
"And they worshipped the dragon
which gave power unto the beast: and they worshipped the beast, saying,
Who is like unto the beast? who is able to make war with him?" (Revelation
Blatant Satan worship is
now rampant within the Catholic Church. High-ranking churchmen are guilty of
this heinous crime against God. According to one reliable source, the smoke of
Satan has entered the very sanctuary of St. Peter's Cathedral in the Vatican.
Mind-boggling though it may be, priests and bishops alike are known to have
taken contract oaths to serve the devil, signed in their own blood!
These amazing facts about devil worship inside the
Vatican and its subsidiaries have come not from hostile Protestant critics of
Roman Catholicism, but from top-ranking Catholic prelates themselves.
Evidently, this awful malignancy is so far advanced that Satanism has reached
the papacy itself and has seriously affected the rank and file of nuns and
priests in the U.S.A. and throughout the globe. Untold numbers of outright
Satan worshippers are now masquerading as Catholic clergy while secretly
paying homage to Lucifer.
"Lucifer is Enthroned" Catholic scholar Dr. Malachi Martin, formerly a Jesuit
professor at Georgetown University and a confidant of Vatican insiders, flatly
declared in a recent New York City interview: "Yes, it's true. Lucifer is
enthroned in the Catholic Church." Martin was also interviewed by The Fatima Crusader, a
well-known Catholic publication. He again repeated his allegations, and
expressed his dismay and distress that the Catholic institution of which he is
a part has grown so decadent and morally reprobate since the Vatican II
conference of the 60s. The contention that there are Satanists in Rome is
"completely correct" said Martin, adding:
"Anybody who is acquainted with the
state of affairs in the Vatican in the last 35 years is well aware that the
prince of darkness has and still has his surrogates in the court of St.
Peter in Rome."
Blood Oaths and Blasphemous Rituals Malachi Martin is a very traditional Catholic. Author of
Hostage to the Devil and numerous other books, his acclaimed Keys of This
Blood, published some five years ago, was a strong, apologetics volume
supporting the papacy of the current Pope, John Paul II. But now, Martin has
doubts. He cannot understand why this Pope allows such evil to exist and even
prosper within the church.
It has gotten so bad, Dr. Martin contends, that in one
shocking incident, high-ranking churchmen actually took oaths signed with
their own blood and participated in "meticulously enacted rituals that
blaspheme and devilishly mimic the holy sacrifice of the mass."
Inside the Sanctuary
If Dr. Malachi Martin was the only authority sounding the alarm about devil
worship in the Catholic Church, the whole affair would simply be dismissed as
the outrageous accusations of a single cleric. But as far back as 1976, Pope
Paul VI shocked a papal audience by confiding that, "The smoke of Satan has
entered the very sanctuary of St. Peter's Cathedral." The Pontiff went on to
explain that he had knowledge of a midnight hour, Black Satanic Mass having
been conducted at the altar of St. Peter's, on the exact spot where the Pope
himself regularly says mass.
Already reeling from Martin's
accusations and stung by the memorable revelations of a previous pontiff, the
Catholic hierarchy was further set back on its combined heels in Rome last
November. With thousands in attendance at Rome's Fatima 2000 International
Congress on World Peace, a respected Archbishop, Emmanuel Milingo, strode to
the podium. The crowd gasped as they heard Milingo solemnly affirm that
members of the Catholic Church hierarchy are secretly involved in the darkest
kinds of formal Satan worship.
Archbishop Milingo, an exorcist, is author of a
best-selling book exposing the occult, Face to Face With the Devil. In his
speech, Milingo called Satan worship the "Third dimension of Evil," and
Now, the third dimension (of
evil) is the most dangerous. It is subtle and the most terrible--.I could
not believe when I discovered this third dimension of evil. The third
dimension is people who follow instructions in satanic sects--. Now with this third dimension, I'm sorry to
say, our church belongs to it. I'm very sorry, I could not understand
myself, and even now I don't understand. But the only consolation I have is
that, well, Judas Iscariot was one. Together with Jesus three years, he
never changed. Then I understand that the third dimension of evil existed
not only now, but it existed even then. Because nothing could change the
heart of Judas Iscariot--nothing.
Devil Protected by
Archbishop Milingo went on to make
an accusation which sent hurricane force shockwaves throughout the Catholic
community. According to Milingo, the devil is actually protected by the
The devil in the Catholic Church
is so protected now that he is like an animal protected by the government;
put on a game preserve that outlaws anyone, especially hunters, from trying
to capture or kill it. The devil within the Church today is actually
protected by certain Church authorities from the official devil hunter in
the Church--the exorcist. So much so that the exorcist today is forbidden to
attack the devil. The devil is so protected that the one who is the hunter,
the exorcist, is forbidden to do his job.
In a subsequent interview, the
courageous archbishop stated: "Certainly, there are priests and bishops alike
who are followers of Satan." When asked whether cardinals or even the Pope
himself were guilty of this repulsive heresy, Milingo responded that, because
he is an archbishop, he does not feel it is proper for him to name or comment
about superior officials. The archbishop's silence, of course, spoke volumes.
Catholicism and the Ravages of Freemasonry
Satan worship apparently has mushroomed in recent years as Catholic cardinals,
bishops, and priests have joined the Masonic Lodge in record numbers. Until
the papacy of today's Pope John Paul II, membership by Catholics in any kind
of Masonic order was an excommunicable offense. Now, however, it is
commonplace. Indeed, in 1980, New York's Terrance Cooke, one of America's most
powerful Catholic cardinals, addressed a gathering of 3,000 Masons. Cardinal
Cooke electrified the assemblage when he said that, as friends, Masons and
Catholics should recognize each other.
Refraining from mentioning the name of Jesus--the name
despised by many Masons and prohibited inside their lodges--Cardinal Cooke
bowed to Masonry's worst heresy by remarking, "I know of your firm belief in
the Supreme Being, the Great Architect of the Universe, and of the holy
writings appropriate to the religion of your members, and I salute you for
your loyalty to these ancient values."
Cardinal Cooke's words were obviously well chosen and
imbued with hidden meaning. In fact, the Masonic Lodge's "Supreme Architect of
the Universe" is none other than Lucifer, who cloaks himself in Masonic
literature with the names of such deities as Zoroaster, Shiva, Abaddon, and in
other Masonic pagan-god disguises. As for the "holy writings" of Freemasonry,
these have their origins in the Roman mystery religions, in 19th century
occultism, and in Egyptianism/Babylonianism. Such are the "ancient values" of
the satanic Masonic Lodge.
Satanism in Methodist, Episcopal, and Mormon Churches In
my special edition audiotape, Satan Worship in the Vatican Exposed, I explore
further the overwhelming evidence of devil worship by the Catholic hierarchy.
Authoritative quotes and documentation are given. I also tie the aging Pope
John Paul II to this horror.
We must remember, however, that Satanism is not only
practiced by Catholic clergy. This wickedness is found in some of today's
Methodist and Charismatic churches, and especially in Episcopal and Anglican
churches. Two years ago, the Mormon Church hierarchy even went public,
admitting that satanic rituals had been secretly conducted by some church
Meanwhile, members of the Masonic Lodge, including
pastors and denominational leaders, continue to dominate the Southern Baptist
Contrary to what some believe, the devil is not a
"Catholic." Indeed, he is remarkably tolerant of all false religion, and he is
known to be pleasingly nondenominational in his approach to religion. Satan is
proud to be an ecumenical being. "Any faith but Jesus and His Word, the King
James Bible," is the devil's handy motto.
Power of Prophecy
These revelations of devil worship inside churches which claim to be
"Christian" should not surprise us. The power of Bible prophecy is thereby
made manifest. The books of Daniel and Revelation describe the Antichrist as a
man who appears as a lamb but has horns. He ordains amongst his flock men and
women who are unrepentant murderers, liars, fornicators, pedophiles and
adulterers. Daniel says that the devil's Antichrist shall speak "dark
sentences" and shall worship a god his fathers knew not.
Thus we understand why Satan worship is so fervently and
irreverently practiced in the very seat of Rome, inside the profane temple the
popes built--the temple known as St. Peter's Cathedral, which has the Egyptian
sun god obelisk on display in its front courtyard. Yes, 666 is rising
fast. The Pope, his Vatican, and its hierarchy are preparing the way for the
corrupt Beast. They, as well as their non-Catholic helpers, are opening a
creaking doorway to the Ultimate Evil. May God have mercy on their souls.
For pics of Top US Power Men who belong to the Vatican... Go Here
The Pharisees thought they were protecting holiness by adding to the word of God. They weren't satisfied to let the word guide peoples consciences...but felt it needful to put fences around every aspect of a persons life to make sure the people didn't step afoul of God's desires. God's word shows them to be self righteous. Those that didn't care about the added rules were considered holiness outcasts! Dressing purposefully to be considered "holy", man must see them as separate and spiritually more approved by outward appearances, in their own minds.
Dress was just one aspect of their special separateness.
The Sadducees had a habit of disregarding the parts of scripture that they thought fanciful...angels and resurrection, etc. They were of the habit of taking away from the word of God.
The Herodians were a group who where more interested in the political spectrum, and the advantages of being connected to the right power, politically. Politically minded, rather than word oriented.
These were the sects that attempted to guide the minds and hearts of the masses Jesus came to set free.
The WORD came and was distinct from those classes. He was SO DISTINCT from them that they just didn't understand Him at all!
He was so distinct from them, and didn't fear them, or respect them for their positions, that they hated Him... enough to kill Him!
Are you a spiritual Pharisee? Probably not in your mind, because you have been taught they were self righteous and spiritually blind...and you are spiritually enlightened because your pulpit pope told you so. But do you judge other's spirituality based on clothing, or hair style...or length? How about if they go to church 3 or 4 times rather than once or twice a week? Did I spot lip gloss on sister Suzys lips Sunday morning? Can I still call her "sister" Suzy? Yes darling, you are being influenced by a pharisee.
Did you notice Larry hasn't shaved his upper lip for a week? Pharisee. Jack was drinking wine at a public restaraunt last night. Should I advise the pastor...or council? Pharisee.
I know the bible talks about creation, but Darwin proved evolution, didn't he? Isn't science more reliable than a bunch of stories, written thousands of years ago? What about dinosaurs? (They are in the bible) Does this sound like you? Sadducee. World flood that killed every human on the earth except 8 folks? Doesn't sound like the God I know about...? Sadducee.
Think being so concerned with bible stuff that we should be marginalized out of the right to have a voice regarding the politics of our nation? Herodian.
What about the zealots? Ready to take up arms against a repressive government! Read the sermon on the mount. (Matt.chapter 5) Right wing religous wingnuts ready to shoot to kill, contrary to Biblical Christianity. Peace...love...mercy...loving not your own life, even unto death.
Is this time so different than when Jesus first appeared in the flesh?
He still is contending with the adders to... the takers away from... and politically minded folk, that have no understanding of their need for the WORD of GOD.
Don't YOU be one of them. Read YOUR OWN BIBLE. Understand what it says. If you don't understand it, get help in understanding it. It is YOUR responsibility to teach it to your children. Don't let the government, or the religous fellowships of man relinquish you of Your God Given Responsibility!
You will be held responsible to God for you children's religous upbringing, not your pastor, or Sunday school teacher. It is fine to have another do the teaching if you know it is correct. You are still responsible to monitor what is being taught.
World Tribune quotes Israeli sources saying US president expects to see detailed plan for Israeli withdrawal from “West Bank”.
Obama might have more success than Hitler, in establishing a “Jew free zone”.
The Obama administration is demanding the detailed report during his visit to Israel, as part of initiative to establish Palestinian state in 2014
US President Barack Obama has demanded a timetable for an Israeli withdrawal from the West Bank and wants to see a detailed plan from Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu during his upcoming visit to Israel, the World Tribune reported Sunday.
The new Samaria policy of the Obama Administration.
Quoting Israeli sources, the newspaper said the Israeli plan would be considered as part of a US initiative to establish a Palestinian state in the West Bank in 2014. Source: Ynetnews.com
To demand that Jews pulling out from Judea and Samaria, is a bid to make the first “Jew-free zone” since Nazi-Germany.
Germany and Poland were almost made “Judenrein”. In Poland, Adolf Hitler “removed” 90 per cent of the Jews from this territory.
Now Obama wants to copy this acts inside the Biblical heartland of Israel, on the Mountains of Zion. What Obama is demanding, is that the plans of Nazi-leader Adolf Hitler must be fulfilled. Pure and blunt neo-Nazism.
Jesus the Messiah will return as the Lion of Judah. Those who support this kind of evil against Jewish settlers, will face stern judgment.
Written by Ivar
[Updated at 3:51 p.m. ET] Choosing the name Francis is powerful and ground-breaking, CNN Vatican expert John Allen says.
As noted earlier, this is the first Pope Francis. Also, the name parallels one of the most venerated figures in the Roman Catholic Church, St. Francis of Assisi.
Allen described the name of Pope Francis as "the most stunning" choice and "precedent shattering."
"There are cornerstone figures in Catholicism" such as St. Francis, Allen said. Figures of such stature as St. Francis seem "irrepeatable – that there can be only one Francis," Allen added.
Did He take his name from St. Francis of Assissi? Or did he as the first Jesuit pope, take the name of
Is this more in line with the reasoning for a Jesuit New World pope to claim a name? It is stated repeatedly that this pope is especially attuned to the poor. Will this lead to the ushering in of the Mark of the Beast?
As a prophecy buff, and one highly skeptical of the office of the Pope, and Roman Catholicism in general, having read "The Secret History of the Jesuits" by Edmond Paris, I know that what your see is rarely what is reality with all the smoke and mirrors and intrigue of that church.
If you want to
understand how the Church of Rome and its Jesuit Order, which was officially
formed in 1540, and is waging its ongoing war on Biblical Christianity for the
purpose of building a one-world religion, one-world economy, one-world
government then this DVD is must viewing. Brannon Howse and Chris Pinto have
invested thousands of hours in the study of the Jesuit Order and in this four
hour television special they combine their research for what can only be
described as compelling.
In 1973, TIME
magazine reported on the history of the Jesuits and their influence that has
spread into many powerful places and institutions since being established in the
mid-1500s. Unless you understand the history, goals, and ongoing Counter
Reformation of the Jesuit Order and the Church of Rome, then you don’t fully
understand what is occurring in the world and why. The Jesuits main focus has
and continues to be in eight main areas of influence in order to turn hearts and
minds toward the Church of Rome for the purpose of world domination. These eight
Community Organizing & Revolution
7. The Pulpit and
The influence of
the Jesuits includes:
• The Jesuits have
greatly promoted mysticism. The April, 1973 cover story in TIME magazine
referred to the Jesuits as “a band of mystics.” Former Jesuit Malachi Martin in
his book “The Jesuits” wrote that the Jesuits advanced the study of
• The term social
justice was coined by Jesuit Luigi Taparelli in 1840 and used by Karl Marx in
• The idea of the
infallibility of the Pope was officially confirmed in 1870 at the First Vatican
Council due to the work of the Jesuits.
• Jesuit Teilbard
de Chardin is known as the father of the New Age Movement
• Jesuit Luis de
Alcasar created the false belief of preterism that declares that the rapture
occurred in A.D. 70. Preterism was created by Jesuit Luis de Alcasar in order to
put the antichrist in the past because many of the reformers taught that the
Papal system would be the headquarters of the Harlot Church described in
Revelation 17 and the Papal system would be used by the Antichrist to build his
demonic world empire.
• Jesuit Alfonso
Salmeron Developed Higher Criticism which seeks to undermine the authority of
God’s Word by calling into question its inspiration and
theology seeks to mix “Christianity” with Marxism. The term was Liberation
Theology was coined in 1971 by the Peruvian priest Gustavo Gutiérrez and greatly
advanced by Jesuit Jon Sobrino of El Salvador.
• In a Chicago
Magazine article by Daniel Libit, it was reported “whenever asked how his
presidential campaign had so quickly assembled its grass- roots operation, he
would credit [Gregory] Galluzza’s membership. A former Jesuit priest…Galluzzo
had good reason to feel proud: He was indirectly responsible for bringing Barack
Obama to Chicago to be an organizer.”
This is just a
small list of the influence of the Jesuit Order. View this DVD for a complete
understanding of how the Church of Rome and its Jesuit Order is a major force in
building a one-world religion, one-world economy, and one-world
government.You can also watch these four, one-hour programs right now on
demand as a member of the Worldview Weekend Situation Room. You can join now if
you are not a member at www.situationroom.net
This article is about the Yamama battle
and the preservation of the Qur’an. The early Muslims lost about 450 men who
had memorized parts of the Qur’an. In fact, that battle pressed Omar to request
a Qur’an collection orders from Abu Bakr, the first Muslim Khalifa. Abu Bakr
took over the leadership of the Muslims after the death of Muhammad.
Present day Muslims have grand claims
about preserving the Qur’an as it was revealed to Muhammad, letter by letter,
and word by word. There are many scholars of Islam who showed that such a claim
does not stand critical scrutiny. The current writer had a humble attempt in a
three-part article that dealt with the collection of the Qur’an processes from
the time of Muhammad until our present day Qur’an.
In the current article, and for the most
part, I confine myself to the circumstances surrounding the Yamama battle and
its influence on the collection of the Qur’an process.
Prelude to Muhammad’s death and its
influence on multiplicity of Arab tribes
The age of Muhammad was the age of
“Might is Right”. Muhammad’s peacefull prophecy and stay in Mecca did not give
him any grand results. He insulted other religions and Meccans ended up paying
him back with the same currency he dealt them with. He had to leave. He sent
“discovery” campaigns to Abyssinia (Ethiopia), and also he tried Ta’ef. The
people of Ta’ef did not like what they saw from him and kicked him out.
Finally, he moves to Medina. He wasted no time there in starting his gangsters
activities by attacking commercial caravans. First, he met failure, then his
first success came during a sacred month through the Nakhla raid. There is a
long list of attacks by the early Muslims when Muhammad started his stay in
Medina. Muhammad wasted no time in Medina, and started his hostilities against
other groups right away. The date estimates is that he moved to Medina in September
of 622. During the same month or in October, Muhammad started his hostilities
against the Jewish inhabitants of Medina. As for the gang activities of
attacking commercial caravan in greed of loots, Muhammad started such
activities during March of 623 AD (razzia) against a Meccan commercial caravan.
Muhammad continued such activities without much success. However, in January of
624 AD, Muhammad found success in the Nakhla raid.
Moving forward, Muhammad eliminates all
opposition through attacks, genocides, murders, assassinations, rapes, etc.
And, off course, all of his activities were rubber-stamped by Allah. Reason
being Muhammad was his last prophet!! Allah was desperate and could not find a
better man than Muhammad to be his final seal of prophets. Muslims complain
that I show Muhammad in bad light when I write about him. Well, all a Muslim
can do is read the Qur’an, and investigate some of the revelations and their
reasons. That, in itself, should suffice to convince any decent human being to
Moving toward the end of Muhammad’s
life, we find that he took over Mecca and forced all Arab tribes to send to
Mecca part of their economic prosperity. In exchange for that, Muhammad stayed
away from attacking them!! Muslims like to call such money sent to Mecca
“Zakat”. I call it “protection money”. You can call it what you want, but the
fact is Muhammad forced other tribes to send from their wealth, to the Meccans.
Economics 101, with fringe benefits to Quraysh and the Meccans, are at the
heart of Islamic creed. Even today, Muhammad guaranteed an annual economic
“fringe benefits” to Mecca and the surrounding areas through the Islamic creed
There is no spirituality in the Islam of
Muhammad. His form of Islam was “Loot, Loot, Loot” and “Pay me Zakat, or Else”.
Muhammad’s death(632 AD)
Other than the area of Mecca and its
surroundings, one can imagine how happy the Arab tribes were to hear that the
man who forced them at the pain of the sword to pay annual amounts of money and
goods to Mecca is finally dead. The tribes became happy for a good reason: The
tyrant is dead.
This event in the history of Islam
should convince any reader that the “elegance” or “greatness” of the Qur’an are
no more than lies. Arabs did not think the Qur’an’s language was of superior
quality. If they did, they would hesitate in leaving Islam. This was not the
case at all. Arab tribes became very happy and left Islam. They just did not
want to pay a protection tax levied against them from Mecca. So, they declared
they are Muslims no more.
Inside the Muslim camp, there were power
struggles as to who should lead. But a quick decision is made through a select
group of men. Abu Bakr becomes the Khalifa. As the news of Arab tribes leaving
Islam comes to him, he is not willing to give up the annual Zakat money without
a fight. He had the man power and the expertise of Khalid Bin Alwaleed; a
master battle leader, to get the job done. The major tribes that left Islam did
not unite to make a solid front against the Muslims. For this, Abu Bakr plans
his battles in an organized manner and sends his military campaigns to force
Islam back. Those battles against apostatized tribes are known in the history
of Islam as the Ridda wars (Ridda, in Arabic, means apostasy). During that
time, there were many individuals in the Arabian peninsula who claimed to be
prophets, just like Muhammad. Had any of them won all of their battles against
the Muslims, the form of the religious mix in the Arabian peninsula would look
much different today. Some of the names of such individuals who claimed
prophecy are Sajjah, Tulaihah, and Musaylima. It is the latter one who seems to
have had the largest following. The Muslim forces faced Musaylimah and his
followers at the place of Yamama. They engaged him in two battles. The Muslims
took heavy casualties. They had to wait until Khalid Bin al-Waleed and his
troops joined their ranks. The Muslims forces, under Khalid’s leadership
engaged Musaylimah and his troops. The result was a win for the Muslim camp.
Musaylimah was killed. However, the Muslim forces took heavy casualties that
included about 450 men who were trusted reliable memorizers of the Qur’an.
The sum of the Ridda wars is that Abu
Bakr restored the tribes into Islam by the sword. Anyone who denies that Islam’s
early history was forcing the religion at the pain of the sword, denies
At the end of the day, a huge majority
of the memorizers (Hafids) of the Qur’an were killed at Yamama. Abu Bakr did
not seem worried about the fate of the Qur’an. His logic was that Muhammad did
not worry about collecting the Qur’an as one unit book. So, why worry about it
if Muhammad himself did not. Omar, who was destined to become the second
Khalif, requested that Abu Bakr command a collection of the Suras and verses of
the Qur’an. At first, Abu Bakr resisted such a project. But, upon the
insistence of Omar, Abu Bakr appointed a committee for the task of collecting
Bukhari Hadith narrates the story of
Qur’an collection commission between Abu Bakr and Omar:
Narrated Zaid bin Thabit Al-Ansari: who
was one of those who used to write the Divine Revelation: Abu Bakr sent for me
after the (heavy) casualties among the warriors (of the battle) of yamama
(where a great number of Qurra' were killed). 'Umar was present with Abu Bakr
who said, 'Umar has come to me and said, The people have suffered heavy
casualties on the day of (the battle of) yamama, and I am afraid that there
will be more casualties among the Qurra' (those who know the Qur'an by heart)
at other battle-fields, whereby a large part of the Qur'an may be lost, unless
you collect it. And I am of the opinion that you should collect the
Qur'an." Abu Bakr added, "I said to 'Umar, 'How can I do something
which Allah's Apostle has not done?' 'Umar said (to me), 'By Allah, it is
(really) a good thing.' So 'Umar kept on pressing, trying to persuade me to
accept his proposal, till Allah opened my bosom for it and I had the same
opinion as 'Umar." (Zaid bin Thabit added:) Umar was sitting with him (Abu
Bakr) and was not speaking. me). "You are a wise young man and we do not
suspect you (of telling lies or of forgetfulness): and you used to write the
Divine Inspiration for Allah's Apostle. Therefore, look for the Qur'an and
collect it (in one manuscript)." By Allah, if he (Abu Bakr) had ordered me
to shift one of the mountains (from its place) it would not have been harder
for me than what he had ordered me concerning the collection of the Qur'an. I
said to both of them, "How dare you do a thing which the Prophet has not
done?" Abu Bakr said, "By Allah, it is (really) a good thing. So I
kept on arguing with him about it till Allah opened my bosom for that which He
had opened the bosoms of Abu Bakr and Umar. So I started locating Quranic material
and collecting it from parchments, scapula, leaf-stalks of date palms and from
the memories of men (who knew it by heart). I found with Khuzaima two Verses of
Surat-at-Tauba which I had not found with anybody else, (and they were):--
"Verily there has come to you an Apostle (Muhammad) from amongst
yourselves. It grieves him that you should receive any injury or difficulty He
(Muhammad) is ardently anxious over you (to be rightly guided)" (9.128)
The manuscript on which the Quran was collected, remained with Abu Bakr till
Allah took him unto Him, and then with 'Umar till Allah took him unto Him, and
finally it remained with Hafsa, Umar's daughter. (Book #60, Hadith #201)
Please note that this project relied
heavily on the judgement of one man; Zaid bin Thabit. Even with being a scribe,
it is unlikely that Zaid knew all of the Qur’an as revealed to Muhammad. After
all he was only one person among many scribes whose number was about forty two
persons. With such a large number, it is highly unlikely, if not impossible,
for any of them, to know all of the “supposedly” divine revelations to
Muhammad. So, in a sense, Zaid was given an impossible task. For instance, let
us say he was confronted with similar Qur’anic verses the rhymed and conveyed
the same meaning, How was Zaid to choose? What criterion does he need to
In any case, Zaid tries his best and
makes a copy of the Qur’an of what was available to him.
To add insult to injury, Zaid was only
one among many“Qur’anic” experts of the time. A short list will have to include
people like Ali bin Abi Talib, Abdullah ibn Mas’ud, Mu’adh bin Jabal, and Ubai
A wiser decision would have been to
appoint all of them to collect a one “more” complete and reliable Qur’an. This
did not happen, making Zaid’s decisions final on the newly collected Qur’an.
The problem is that Zaid was only one of at least forty two scribes of
Muhammad. Hence, there exists great discrepancy of what Zaid knew about the
revelations, and the elite group knowledge of the Qur’an. By elite group I mean
the group of early Muslims who knew a lot of the Qur’an and memorized it, etc.
I gave the reader an example of other four men who were as competent as Zaid in
their knowledge of the Qur’an, if not better than him in this endeavor.
In any case, history tells us that Zaid
did as was ordered and produced his collected version of the Qur’an. His
collected work did not imply any authoritative pressure on Muslims. There were
other collected versions of the Qur’an circling around. None was claimed to
have the official seal of Muslim leaders of the time. Zaid’s effort was just
another attempt at collecting the Qur’an. His collection lacked official
adoption status. His collection remained with Umar, who passed it to his
daughter, Hafsa; the prophet’s widow.
Adopting an official version of the
Qur’an had to wait till the time Khalif Uthman took office after Umar. Uthman
told Zaid to make a“revised” version of the Qur’an. It was not the same as the
one Hafsa had, which is the one Zaid collected earlier as per Abu Bakr’s
request. This second time, Uthman canonized Zaid’s second attempt. The new
Qur’an version is known as the Medina codex. At the time, there were six other
versions of the Qur’an circling around. Those versions were collected by Muhammad’s
faithful and intimate companions (Sahaba). Uthman “officialized” the Medina
codex and ordered the other “Qur’ans” to be destroyed.
Reflections on the Yamama battle and the
collection of the Qur’an
There are some important observations
that we need to note regarding the Qur’an collection and its relation to the
a. Muhammad died without having his
Qur’an collected in one book. So, in a sense, he “let the dogs out.”. I mean
that any version of a collected Qur’an in the future will suffice. Abu Bakr had
the collection of the Qur’an as a low priority issue. It wasn’t but for Omar’s
insistence that the Qur’an got collected at the time.
b. In my judgment, the battle of Yamama
and the death of 450 Qurra’ (Hafiths or Memorisers) did not create any
additional problems to the collection of the Qur’an. In fact, it probably
minimized some. The author of the book, Muhammad, did not worry about
collecting Allah’s revelations. His closest companion, Abu Bakr, did not place
any urgent priority on the issue. In such an environment, anything goes. If
there are multiplicity of Qur’ans, then that will be a continuous problem as
Muhammad is not around anymore to solve the issue.
c. The death of about 450 Qur’an
memorizers probably simplified more complications in the existing Qur’ans. You
see, had they not perished, we would have had many more Suras and Qur’an
verses. The problem then will be which verses belonged to Muhammad’s original
revelations, and which did not. The simple fact is that human memory is not
always trustworthy. Who is to say that we have to trust the memory of those
Qur’an memorizers one hundred percent of the time. Human memory is fallible. We
experience that in our everyday lives. How many times did I think I put the
keys in my pocket, only to discover that I had left them in the car! Long term
memory issues are ever more troublesome.
d. Even with the death of most
memorizers, the Qur’an still faced multiplicity of difficulties that cannot be
overcome. There is no chance whatsoever that the Qur’an we have today is the
one Muhammad concocted. This is a grand statement not supported by this
article. The reader is advised to read my study on the problems that faced the
Qur’an collection. Here is a link: http://www.islam-watch.org/Kammuna/Collection-of-the-Quran-1.htm